Jennie June/Ralph Werther/Earl Lind: Researching the Author
Last edit Oct. 10 2022
This is a research project in progress, created by group effort to identify the birth name and then other information about the pioneering author who went at different times, on different occasions, by the names Jennie June, Ralph Werther, and Earl Lind.
June-Lind-Werther published many autobiographical essays and two autobiographical books. Parts of an unpublished third volume were first published on OutHistory.org.
Discovering this author's birth name would undoubtedly lead to new, eye-opening documents of this particular individual's life, the social world June/Werther/Lind inhabited, and the whole sexual and gender "underworld" of the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, American and European.
One major question for this research group: which kinds of evidence and clues are most likely to yield information about June/Werther/Lind's birth name? Learning that birth name is likely to open up a valuable window on what we today distinguish as gender and sexual history.
If you can provide research assistance, or any evidence, sources, or clues that might help OutHistory identify this individual's birth name, please email email@example.com
OutHistory is always delighted to acknowledge the help of researchers in furthering its goal of documenting, analyzing, and freely presenting LGBTQ+ history, and sexual and gender history in general.
Community members who have already helped with this research are (in alphabetical order):
Channing Gerard Joseph
Benjamin A. Kahan
Jonathan Ned Katz
Arlene Shaner, NY Academy of Medicine
OutHistory Features on Jennie June-Ralph Werter-Earl Lind
Who Was Jennie June?
Who Was Jennie June?, by Channing Joseph
Who was Jennie June?, by Clair Kronk
Notes on Jennie June-Earl Lind-Ralph Werther, by Randall Sell
Hawken Research, by Randall Sell
Transgender Memoir of 1921 Found: The Riddle of the Underworld
Earl Lind (Ralph Werther-Jennie June): The Riddle of the Underworld, 1921
Riddle of the Underworld: The Manuscript
Contract Between Dr. Victor Robinson and Ralph Werther
Randall Sell: Encountering Earl Lind, Ralph Werther, Jennie June
Jennie June/Ralph Werther/Earl Lind: The "Cercle Hermaphroditos"
Bibliography and Chronology
Jennie June/Ralph Werther/Earl Lind: Alphabetical List