Joe Herzenberg, New Hampshire, 1987


After his appointment in 1979, Joe Herzenberg ran for the seat in 1981 and lost, then he ran in 1985 and lost again. By the time of his final re-election in 1991, Herzenberg received the highest number of votes ever as a candidate for local office in Chapel Hill.

Joe Herzenberg

Born June 25, 1941

Died October 28, 2007

Town Council Member, Mayor Pro Tempore

Chapel Hill, North Carolina

45,000 constituents

Career Overview

Appointed 1979

Came out gradually 1981-85

Elected in November 1987

Re-elected 1989, 1991

Elected Mayor Pro Tempore by the Council in December 1992



Essay by Joe Herzenberg for Out and Elected in the USA

It was a simple matter. I had always been interested in politics. Both my father and his father had served on the Borough Council and the Board of Education in my hometown of Franklin, New Jersey, where I was born.

After five years at Yale, where I studied history, and another five years at Tougaloo College in Mississippi, where I taught and helped make history and witnessed great social change, I arrived in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, a southern university town with a tradition of liberalism and tolerance. That was in 1969, when the voters had just elected the first Black mayor in a White-majority southern town.

While still in the closet, I ran for the Chapel Hill Town Council for the first time in 1979. I lost, but then served two years on the Council after being appointed to fill a vacancy. It wasn’t until 1987, after I came out, that I was elected to a full term on the Council. I served for six years, and one of those years, 1992, I was also Mayor Pro Tempore.

Chapel Hill has about 45,000 residents, half of them University of North Carolina students. And our local elections are non-partisan. (There are not enough Republicans to make much difference.) Gay students and activists, and sometimes the North Carolina press tried to make a big deal about my election as the first openly gay official on “the Southern Mainland” – there was already one of us in Key West. But most of my constituents didn’t seem to mind one way or the other, so long as I was doing a good job tending to the public business.

I enjoyed my service on the Town Council, where I helped accomplish a good deal including a shelter for the homeless, a new public library, a downtown parking garage and plaza, important additions to our greenway system, an AIDS house, and new legislation in several areas including tree protections and noise abatement. And I always was, and still am, a gay person in public life in our town.