Hernando de Alarcon: "Men in women's apparell," 1540

The earliest relevant data for any part of California is found in Captain Alarcon's brief observation, dating to 1540, of the natives of that area:

There were among these Indians three or foure men in womens apparell.[1]


Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976) pg. 285.

  1. Hernando de Alarcon, The Relation of the Navigation and Discovery which Captaine Fernando Alarchon Made, vol. 4 of The 'Principal Nauigations, Voiages, Traffiqves & Discoveries of the English Nation. ed. Richard Hakluyt 12 vols, (Glasgow: J. MacLehose, N.Y.: Macmillan, 1903-05), p. 286.