1. Martin Duberman, Stonewall (New York: Plume Books, 1993), 211-17; Toby Marotta, The Politics of Homosexuality (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1981), 78-9; Donn Teal, The Gay Militants (New York: Stein and Day Publishers, 1971), 32-5.
  2. What Is Gay Liberation Front?” Gay Liberation Front, Vertical File, Tamiment Institute Library, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, New York University.
  3. “Gay Revolution Comes Out,” Rat, August 12-26, 1969, p. 7. Quoted in Marotta, Politics, 88; “Gay Oppression/A Radical Analysis,” (New York: Red Butterfly Publication), 5-6, Publications relating to Red Butterfly (Organization), Vertical File, Tamiment.
  4. John D’Emilio, forward to Out of the Closets: Voices of Gay Liberation, 20th Anniversary Edition, eds. Karla Jay and Allen Young (New York: New York University Press, 1992), xxii-iii.
  5. The Red Butterfly Cell, “Freedom for Homosexuals – Homosexual Freedom for Everyone!” November 15, 1969, Gay Liberation Front (GLF) N.Y. Organizational File, Lesbian Herstory Archives, Brooklyn, NY.
  6. Jim Foratt, "Word Thoughts," in Times Change Press Pamphlets (New York: Times Change Press, 1970), 16.
  7. D’Emilio, foreward to Out of the Closets, xxiii; Martha Shelley, "Gay is Good," Gay Flames Pamphlet, no. 1, Gay Liberation Front (GLF) N.Y. Organizational File, Lesbian Herstory Archives.
  8. D’Emilio, foreward to Out of the Closets, xxiii.
  9. Allen Young, “Out of the Closets, Into the Streets,” Out of the Closets, 29.
  10. Ibid., 8 and 30-1.
  11. Lois Hart, “GLF News,” Come Out! 1, no. 2 (January 10, 1970): 16.
  12. Jerry Hoose, “Gay Liberation Front—New York,” Gay Power 1, No. 13. (n.d.): 17.
  13. Marotta, Politics, 92.
  14. Hart, “GLF News,” 16.
  15. Terence Kissack, “Freaking Fag Revolutionaries: New York’s Gay Liberation Front, 1961-1971,”Radical History Review 62 (1995): 114.
  16. Teal, Gay Militants, 53; Bob Kohler, “Aquarius Cell,” Come Out! 1, no. 2 (January 10, 1970): 16
  17. For accounts of the atmosphere in gay bars, see: Martha Shelley, interview by Eric Marcus, Making Gay History (New York: Perennial, 2000), 134-5; Perry Brass, “Sisters and Brothers: A Writer Hungering for Family Finds GLF,” in Smash the Church, Smash the State, ed. Tommi Avicolli Mecca (San Francisco: City Lights Books, 2009), 128; Karla Jay, Tales of a Lavender Menace (New York: Basic Books, 1999), 21-5.
  18. Quoted in Teal, Gay Militants, 58.
  19. Marotta, Politics, 112.
  20. What Is Gay Liberation Front?” Emphasis in original.
  21. Marotta, Politics, 93; Teal, Gay Militants, 164.
  22. Allan Warshawsky and Ellen Bedoz, "G.L.F and the Movement," Come Out! 1, no. 2 (January 10, 1970): 5.
  23. Quoted in Kissack, “Freaking Fag Revolutionaries,” 108.
  24. Marotta, Politics, 82.
  25. Martha Shelley, “More Radical Than Thou,” Come Out! 1, no. 2 (January 10, 1970): 7.
  26. Kissack, “Freaking Fag Revolutionaries,” 111.
  27. Martha Shelley, “Gay Liberation Front – A Liberal Tea Party,” Gay Liberation Front (GLF) N.Y. Organizational File, Lesbian Herstory Archive.
  28. Step May, “An Open Letter to Jerry Rubin,” Gay Flames Pamphlet, no. 3, microfilm, 1 reel, New York Public Library.
  29. Kissack, “Freaking Fag Revolutionaries,” 128; Jay, Lavender Menace, 223 and 252-3.
  30. Shelley, Making Gay History, 189.