Timeline: Treatment of LGBT People by Doctors and Psychologists

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Chronology of sources referring to the treatment of LGBT people by medical and psychological professionals

See also; Bibliography: Treatment of LGBT People by Doctors and Psychologists

From Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), Bibliography: II Treatmemt" 1884-1974", pages 596-598 and "Notes", pages .

Chronological Bibliography

Listed earliest to latest:

1866, August

Buck, W. D. "A Raid on the Uterus," New York Medical Journal, vol. 5 (August 1866), p. 464. In an extract from an address in 1866 by Dr. W. D. Buck, President of the New Hampshire State Medical Society, the doctor says: "A distinguished surgeon in New York city, twenty-five years ago [1841], said, when [Guillaume] Dupuytren's operation for relaxation of the sphincter ani was in vogue, every young man who came from Paris found every other individual's anus too large, and proceeded to pucker it up. The result was that New York anuses looked like gimlet-holes in a piece of pork." Buck goes on to say that the uterus, also, is being subjected to "surgical operations, and is now-a-days subject to all sorts of barbarity from surgeons anxious for notoriety." His statement, which bears further analysis, seems aimed at primitive abortion and birth control measures. A brief biography of Dupuytren is in John Talbott, A Biographical History of Medicine (N.Y.: Grune & Stratton, 1970), p. 342-44. Jonathan Ned Katz thanks Stephen W. Foster and Dennis Lampkowski for help with this research.

1889, September 7 and 14

Lydston, G. Frank. "Sexual Perversion, Satyriasis and Nymphomania," Medical and Surgical Reporter. Vol. 61, no. 10 (Sept. 7,1889): p. 253-58. (P. 253.) Vol. 61, no. II (Sept. 14, 1889): 281-85. A lecture delivered at the Chicago College of Physicians and Surgeons. Although he discusses male and female homosexuality, Lydston makes no specific recommendation for treatment. But since he links homosexuality with satyriasis and nymphomania, there is an unspoken suggestion that it should be similarly treated; for the two "perversions" of which he speaks Lydston suggests "removal of irritation of the sexual apparatus," "anaphrodisiac remedies," "attempts to restrain sexual excesses, or to break the habit of masturbation." But if the "disease" is organic, it is probably incurable and requires more radical treatment: "In women, extirpation of the ovaries, or the procedure of Mr. Baker Brown--clitoridectomy--may be performed. Howe recommends the application of the actual cautery to the back of the neck. Basing this treatment upon the theory that the disease takes its origin in over-excitation of the nerve fibres of the cerebellum or some of the ganglia in the neighborhood, he also suggests blisters and setons to answer the same purpose. Dry cupping to the nucha is also serviceable. Means to restore the general health are always indicated. In the severe cases of the maniacal form of excessive sexual desire the asylum is usually our only recourse".


Krafft-Ebing, R. von. Psychopathia Sexualis, with Special Reference to Contrary Sexual Instinct. A Medico-Legal Study. Authorized trans. of the 7th enlarged and rev. German ed. by Charles Gilbert Chaddock (Phila.: F. A. Davis, 1893). Material on treatment of contrary sexual instinct.

1893, February 4

"Removal of the Ovaries as a Therapeutic Measure in Public Institutions for the Insane," Journal of the American Medical Association (Chicago), Feb. 4, 1893, p. 135-37. There may be an earlier article on this in January, in the same journal. Dr. Joseph Price mentioned: p. 136-37. Also see "Domestic Correspondence," same, Feb. 18, 1893, p. 182-83. For comment on this article see Dr. F. E. Daniel (1893) on OutHistory.org.

1893, August

Daniel, F. E. "Castration of Sexual Perverts," Texas Medical Journal (Austin), Aug. 1893: 255-71. Reprinted in Texas Medical Journal. Vol. 27, no. 10 (April 1912): p. 369-85· A note (p. 369) adds: "Under the title, 'Should Insane Criminals or Sexual Perverts be Permitted to Procreate?' this paper was read at the Joint Session of the World's Columbian Auxiliary Congress--Section of Medical Jurisprudence--and the International Medico-Legal Congress, August 16th, 1893, and also before the American Medico-Legal Society, New York, October 11th, 1893, and published in the 'Medico-Legal Journal' for December, and in the 'Psychological Bulletin,' New York." Dr. Daniel is identified in the 1912 reprint as the editor of the Texas Medical Journal.

1894, May

Kiernan, James G. "Insanity. Lecture XXVI.-Perversion," Detroit Lancet. Vol. 7, no. II (May 1884): p. 481-84. (P. 483-84.)

1894, June

Kiernan, James G. "Psychical Treatment of Congenital Sexual Inversion," Review of Insanity and Nervous Disease. Vol. 4, no. 4 (June 1894): p. 293-95·


Schrenck-Notzing, Albert von. Therapeutic Suggestion in Psychopathia Sexualis with Especial Reference to Contrary Sexual Instinct. Authorized trans. from the German by Charles Gilbert Chaddock. Phila.: F. A. Davis, 1895.

1895, March

Raffalovich, Marc Andre. "Uranism, Congenital Sexual Inversion. Observations and Recommendations ... " Trans. C. Judson Herrick. Journal of Comparative Neurology. Vol. 5 (March 1895): p. 33-65. (P. 33-34,36-37,42,52.)

1895, April

Ellis, Havelock. "Sexual Inversion in Women," Alienist and Neurologist. Vol. 16, no. 2 (April 1895): 141-58. (P. 158.)

1896, April

Talbot, E. S., and Ellis, Havelock. "A Case of Degenerative Insanity, with Sexual Inversion, Melancholia, following Removal of Testicles, Attempted Murder and Suicide," Journal of Mental Science. Vol. 42, no. 177, new ser. no. 177 (April 1896): p. 340-44 (Le. 46-erroneous pagination in original). (P. 341-44.)

1896, July

Ellis, Havelock. "A Note on the Treatment of Sexual Inversion," Alienist and Neurologist. Vol. 17 (July 1896): p. 257-64. (P. 258-59.)


Ellis, Havelock, and Symonds, John Addington. Sexual Inversion. 1st English ed. London: Wilson and Macmillan, 1897; photo reprint, N.¥.: Arno, 1975· (P. 73.)


Quackenbos, John Duncan. "Hypnotic Suggestion in the Treatment of Sexual Perversions and Moral Anaesthesia: A Personal Experience," Transactions of the New Hampshire Medical Society. 1899: p. 69-91. (P. 69, 72, 75, 78-80.)


Goodell, E. "Suggestive Therapy in Sexual Perversion," American Journal of Dermatology and Genito-Urinary Disease (St. Louis, Missouri), vol. 8 (1904), p. 104-06.

Krafft-Ebing, R. von. Text Book of Insanity (Phila.: F. A. Davis, 1904).

1904, February 1

"The Gentleman Degenerate. A Homosexualist's Self-Description and Self-Applied Title. Pudic Nerve Section Fails Therapeutically," Alienist and Neurologist. Vol. 2$, no. I (Feb. I, 1904): p. 62-70. (P. 68-70.)


Sharp, Harry Clay. "The Sterilization of Degenerates." Indiana Board of State Charities. National Christian League for the Promotion of Purity, 1908. (P. 1-2, 6.) Reprint of paper read before the American Prison Association, Chicago, 1909. Copy at: New York Public Library, Research Division.


Stevenson, Edward I. Prime (Xavier Mayne, pseud.). The Intersexes; A History of Similisexualism as a Problem in Social Life. [Naples?:] Privately printed, [by R. Rispoli, 1908?]; photo reprint, N.Y.: Amo, 1975. On treatment see pages 119-22, 549.


Sharp, Harry Clay. "Human Sterilization." Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 4, no. 12 (1909), pages ???-???.


Goodell, C. E. "Sexual Perversion, Its Effects and Its Treatment," Medical Era (St. Louis, Missour), vol. 19 (1910), pages 499-502.


Cave, F. C. "Report of Sterilization in the Kansas State Home for Feeble-minded," Journal of PsychoAsthenics, vol. 15 [1911], p. 123-25; cited in Arno Karlen, Sexuality and Homosexuality; A New View (N.Y.: Norton, 1971), p. 332. In the mid-1890s, F. Hoyt Pilcher, the head of a Kansas institution for the feebleminded, had four boys and fourteen girls castrated without legal authority. It was explained in his defense that castration would prevent "excessive masturbation and pervert [sic] sexual acts". Public outcry stopped further castration.

1912, April 6

Lydston, G. Frank. "Sex Mutilations in Social Therapeutics, With Some of the Difficulties in the Application of Eugenics to the Human Race," New York Medical Journal, April 6, 1912, pages ???-???.

1913, March 22

Coriat, Isador. "Homosexuality. Its Psychogenesis and Treatment," New York Medical Journal, vol. 97, no. 12 (March 22, 1913), pages 589-94.

1913, August 2

Brill, A. A. "The Conception of Homosexuality," Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 61 (Aug. 2, 1913): p. 335-40.


Hirschfeld, Magnus. "Adaptionsbehandlung (Anpassungstherapie) der HomosexualiHit." This chapter appears in the first, 1914, German edition. Translation by Henry Gerber from Die Homosexualitiit des Mannes und des Weibes, 2nd ed. (Berlin: Louis Marcus, 1920): chap. 23, pages. 439-61, in ONE Institute Quarterly (Los Angeles), vol. 5, nos. 2, 3, 4, issues 17 (Spring, Summer, Fall 1962): p. 41-54. Translation by Richard Plant in Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), "Treatment."

Hughes, Charles H. "An Emasculated Homo-sexual. His Antecedent and Post-Operative Life," Alienist and Neurologist. Vol. 35 (1914): p. 277-80.

1915, December-1916, January

Oberhoffer, Emil. The Influence of Castration on the Libido," American Journal of Urology and Sexology, vol. 12 (Jan.-Dec. 1916), p. 58-60. <Check date of publication and correct if necessary.>


Earl Lind (Ralph Werther/Jennie June). Autobiography of an Androgyne, ed. with an intro. by Alfred W. Herzog (N.Y.: MedicoLegal Press, 1918; photo reprint, N.Y.: Arno, 1975), p. 41-42, 74, 197-201, 230 (on his castration).


Barr, Martin W. "Some Notes on Asexualization; with a Report of Eighteen Cases". Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease (Lancaster, Pennsylvania), vol. 51, no. 3 (March 1920), p. 231-41. Includes references to females.

Freud, Sigmund. "The Psychogenesis of a Case of Female Homosexuality," International Journal of Psycho-Analysis. Vol. I, no. 2 (1920): p. 125-49. (P. 125-27, 129-30, 131, 133, 134,135,136,141-42,144,148-49.)

Gilbert, J. A. "Homosexuality and Its Treatment." Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease (Lancaster, Pennsylvania), vol. 52, No. 4 (Oct. 1920), pages 297-322,

Life of Alberta Lucile/Alan Hart; reproduced in part in Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), Part III, Passing Women, and on OutHIstory.org.


Lind, Earl (Ralph Werther/Jennie June). The Female Impersonators... , ed. with intro. by Alfred W. Herzog (N.Y.: Medico-Legal Press, 1922; photo reprint, N.Y.: Arno, 1975). On his castration: pages. 16, 67. On OutHistory.org, see Earl Lind.


Kahn, Samuel. A Study of Homosexuals and Their Education in the New York Correction Hospitals. M. A. thesis, New York University School of Education, 1923, 149 p.

1930, October

Stekel, Wilhelm. "Is Homosexuality Curable?" Trans. Bertrand S. Frohman. Psychoanalytic Review. Vol. 17 (Oct. 1930): p. 443-51. (P. 443, 447-48.)


Moll, Albert. Perversions of the Sex Instinct. Newark, New Jersey: Julian Press, 1931.

1932, October

Deutsch, Helene. "On Female Homosexuality," authorized trans. Edith B. Jackson, Psychoanalytic Quarterly. Vol. I (Oct. 1932): p. 484-510. (P. 484-88, 490--91.). A second trans.: "Homosexuality in Women," International Journal of Psychoanalysis. Vol. 14 (1933): p. 34-56.


Potter, La Forest. Strange Loves: A Study in Sexual Abnormalities (N.Y.: Robert Dodsley, 1933).

On treatment, pages 161-62; 167, 173, 177-78; 118-19; 147; 236-37·

Riedner, K. "Cure of Homosexuals," Sexology (New York), vol. I (1933), p. 490-92.


Brill, A. A. "The Psychiatric Approach to the Problem of Homosexuality," Psychiatric Association and Student Health Association, vol. 15 (1934), p. 31-34; reprinted in Journal Lancet, vol. 55 (1935), p. 249-52.

1934, January

Bien, Ernest. "Why Do Homosexuals Undergo Treatment?," Anthropos (N.Y.), vol. I, no. I (Jan. 1934), p. 5-18; also in Medical Review of Reviews, vol. 40, no. I (Jan. 1934), p. 18-51.


Max, Louis William. "Breaking Up a Homosexual Fixation by the Conditioned Reaction Technique: A Case Study," Psychological Bulletin. Vol. 32 (1935): p. 734·

1935, April

Freud, Signmund. "Letter to an American Mother" (April 9, 1935). American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 107 (1951), p. 786-87; various reprints.

1935, July

Hackfield, A. W. "Ameliorative Effects of Therapeutic Castration on Habitual Sex Offenders," Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 82, no. I (July 1935), p. 15-29; no. 2 (Aug. 1935), p. 169-81.


Chideckel, Maurice. Female Sex Perversion. N.Y.: Eugenics Pub. Co., 1938.

Henry, George W. Essentials of Psychiatry. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1938.

Kopp, Marie E. "Surgical Treatment as Sex Crime Prevention Measure." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, vol. 28 (Jan.-Feb. 1938), p. 687, etc. <pages ?> Says that between 1889 and 1907 Dr. Sharp of the State Reformatory for Delinquent Boys at Jefferson, Indiana, performed "several hundred" vasectomies.


"Criminal Law, Sex Offenders, Civil Commitment for Psychiatric Treatment," Columbia Law Review, vol. 39 (1939), p. 534-44;


Barahal, Hyman S. "Testosterone in Psychotic Male Homosexuals," Psychiatric Quarterly, vol. 14, no. 2 (1940), pages 319-30.

Owensby, Newdigate M. "Homosexuality and Lesbianism Treated with Metrazol," Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. Vol. 92, no. I (1940): p. 65-66.


Henry, George W. Sex Variants; A Study of Homosexual Patterns. 2 vols. N.Y.: Paul B. Hoeber, 1941.


Owensby, Newdigate M. 'The Correction of Homosexuality," Urologic and Cutaneous Review. Vol. 45, no. 8 (1941): p. 494-96. (P. 495,496.)


Rosenzweig, Saul, and Hoskins, R. G. "A Note on the Ineffectualness of Sex-Hormone Medication in a Case of Pronounced Homosexuality," Psychosomatic Medicine. Vol. 3, no. 1 (1941): p.87-89·

1942, July

Banay, Ralph S., and Davidoff, L. "Apparent Recovery of a Sex Psychopath after Lobotomy," Journal of Criminal Psychopathology. Vol. 4, no. 1 (July 1942): p. 59-66.


Bergler, Edmund. "Suppositions about the Mechanism of Criminosis," Journal of Criminal Psychopathology, vol. 5 (1943), p. 215-46 (especially case 4, p. 235). Permission to reprint excerpts from Bergler's reports was denied Jonathan Ned Katz when he was preparing Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976).

Brody, Morris Wolfe. "An Analysis of the Psychosexual Development of a Female: With Special Reference to Homosexuality," Psychoanalytic Review, vol. 30, no. I (1943), p. 47-58; reprinted as "Psychosexual Development of a Female" in The Homosexuals As Seen By Themselves and Thirty Authorities, ed. A. M. Krich (N.Y.: Citadel, 1954), pages p. 312-24.


Bergler, Edmund. "Eight Prerequisites for the Psychoanalytic Treatment of Homosexuality," Psychoanalytic Review (N.Y.), vol. 3 I (1944); see especially p. 255, 260, 266, 268-69, 277-79, 281-86.

Glass, S. J., and Johnson, Roswell, H. "Limitations and Complications of Organotherapy in Male Homosexuality," Journal of Clinical Endocrinology. Vol. 4, no. I I (1944): p. 540--44. (P. 541-43·)

Liebman, Samuel. "Homosexuality, Transvestism, and Psychosis: Study of a Case Treated with Electroshock," Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. Vol. 99, no. 6 (1944): p. 945-58.


Moore, Thomas V. "The Pathogenesis and Treatment of Homosexual Disorders: A Digest of Some Pertinent Evidence," Journal of Personality. Vol. 14 (1945): p. 47-83. (P. 57, 71-73.)


SInclair, Jo (pseudonym of Ruth Seid). Wasteland. New York: Harper, 1946. Novel in which a lesbian who, through the support of an accepting therapist, has come to positive terms with her orientation helps her brother come to terms with his Jewish heritage. See: Sinclair (Seid): "Wasteland," 1946


Friedlander, Joseph, and Banay, Ralph S. "Psychosis Following Lobotomy in a Case of Sexual Psychopathology; Report of a Case," Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry. Vol. 59 (1948): p. 302-21. (P. 303-11, 315, 321.)

1949, June

Thompson, George N. "Electroshock and Other Therapeutic Considerations in Sexual Psychopathology," Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease (New York), vol. 109, no. 6 (June 1949), p. 531-39.


Freud, Signmund. "Letter to an American Mother" (April 9, 1935). American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 107 (1951), p. 786-87; various reprints.

1951, October

Cory, Donald Webster Cory (pseudonym of Edward Sagarin). "Can Homosexuality Be Cured?," Sexology, vol. 18 (Oct. 1951), p. 146-56. An important early American homosexual emancipation movement statement.

1952, March

Bowman, Karl M. "Sexual Deviation Research." Report to California Assembly, Judiciary Subcommittee on Sex Research, Sacramento, Calif., March 1952, p. 80.


Bowman, Karl M., and Engle, Bernice. "The Problem of Homosexuality," Journal of Social Hygiene. Vol. 39, no. I (1953): p. 2-16. (P. 10-11.)


Harms, Ernest. "Homo-Anonymous," Diseases of the Nervous System. Vol. 14, no. 10 (1953): p. 318-19.


Smec, J., and Freund, Kurt. "Treatment of Male Homosexuality through Conditioning," International Journal of Sexology. Vol. 7, no. 2 (1953): p. 92-93.


Krich, A. M., ed. The Homosexuals As Seen by Themselves and Thirty Authorities. (N.Y.: Citadel, 1954).

1955, January

Abramson, Harold A. "Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD-25), III. As an Adjunct to Psychotherapy with Elimination of Fear of Homosexuality," Journal of Psychology, vol. 39 (Jan. 1955), p. 127-55. Abramson presents a verbatim recording of a four-hour interview with a forty-year-old woman, who under the influence of LSD, speaks of her fear of Lesbianism. Abramson was the LSD expert, trusted by the CIA, who in Nov. 1953 twice examined Frank R. Olson--just before Olson committed suicide as a result of his involuntary participation in a CIA drug experiment (New York Times, July 11,1975, p. 34, col. 5)·


Ellis, Albert. "The Effectiveness of Psychotherapy with Individuals Who Have Severe Homosexual Problems" Journal of Consulting Psychology, vol. 20 (1956), p. 191-95 (28 males, 12 females), reprinted in The Problem of Homosexuality in Modern Society, ed. Hendrik M. Ruitenbeek, p. 175-82 (N.Y.: Dutton, 1963); and Albert Ellis, "The Use of Psychotherapy with Homosexuals" (41 males, 12 females), Mattachine Review, vol. 2, no. I (1956), p. 14-16.


Hadden, Samuel B. "Attitudes Toward and Approaches to the Problem of Homosexuality," Pennsylvania Medical Journal. Vol. 6, no. 9 (1957): p. 1195-98.


Ellis, Albert. "New Hope for Homosexuals," <original publication data? 1958>, reprinted in The Third Sex, ed. Isadore Rubin, p. 53-57 (N.Y.: New Book Co., 1961) .


Mendelsohn, Fred, and Matthew Ross, "An Analysis of 133 Homosexuals Seen at A University Health Service". Diseases of the Nervous System, vol. 20, no. 6 (1959), p. 246-50. (109 males, 24 females).

Smith, Alexander B., and Bassin, Alexander. "Group Therapy with Homosexuals," Journal of Social Therapy. Vol. 5, no. 3 (1959): p. 225-32. (P. 227, 231-32.)


Robertiello, Richard C. Voyage from Lesbos: The Psychoanalysis of a Female Homosexual. N.¥.: Citadel, 1959. (P. 238-48, 253.)


Caprio, Frank S. Female Homosexuality; A Psychodynamic Study of Lesbianism. Foreword by Karl M. Bowman. N.Y.: Grove Press, Evergreen Black Cat, 1962. (P. 299-301, 304.)

1962, Spring-Summer-Fall

Hirschfeld, Magnus. "Adaptionsbehandlung (Anpassungstherapie) der HomosexualiHit." Trans. Henry Gerber from Die Homosexualitiit des Mannes und des Weibes, 2nd ed. (Berlin, 1920): chap. 23, p. 439-61. In ONE Institute Quarterly. Vol. 5, nos. 2, 3, 4, issues 17 (Spring, Summer, Fall 1962): p. 41-54· (P. 41-46, 49-51, 54.


Miller, Michael M. "Hypnotic-Aversion Treatment of Homosexuality," Journal of the National Medical Association. Vol. 55, no. 5 (1963): p. 4II-15, 436. (P. 4II-13, 415.)

Szasz, Thomas S. Law, Liberty, and Psychiatry: An Inquiry into the Social Uses of Mental Health Practices (N.Y.: Macmillan, 1963).


Aschaffenburg, Helga. "Relationship Therapy with a Homosexual: A Case History," Pastoral Counselor, vol. 4, no. I (1964), p. 412;

Cory, Donald Webster (pseudonym of Edward Sagarin), and John P. LeRoy, pseud., "Why Homosexuals Resist Cure," Sexology, vol. 30, no. 7 (1964), p. 480-82. An early homosexual emancipationist statement.

"Fatal Emetine Poisoning from Aversion Treatment," Re W. T. (Westminster Inquest, England, Feb. 7, 1964). Medico-Legal Journal, vol. 32, no. 2 (1964), page 95. Cited in Weinberg and Bell, Homosexuality (1972), page 287. Describes the death of a patient undergoing aversion treatment for homosexuality.

Robertiello, Richard C. "Clinical Notes: Results of Separation from Iposexual Parents During the Oedipal Period, [and] A Female Homosexual Panic," Psychoanalytic Review, vol. 51, no. 4 (1964-65), p. 670-72.


Roman, M. "The Treatment of the Homosexual in the Group," Topical Problems in Psychotherapy, vol. 5 (1965), p. 170-75.

Schur, Edwin M. Crimes without Victims; Deviant Behavior and Public Policy: Abortion, Homosexuality, and Drug Addiction (Englewood Cliffs, N.Y.: Prentice-Hall, 1965).

Socarides, Charles W. "Female Homosexuality," in Sexual Behavior and the Law, ed. Ralph Slovenko (Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas, 1965), pages. 462-77.

Wilbur, Cornelia B. "Clinical Aspects of Female Homosexuality," in Sexual Inversion: The Multiple Roots of Homosexuality, ed. Judd Marmor, pages 268-8 I (N.Y.: Basic Books, 1965).

1965, February 4

Labelle, Maurice. "Laws Need to Force 'Homos' to Seek Help." Coral Gable Times (Florida), Feb. 4, 1965, p. 6, 8.


Fluckiger, Fritz A. "Research Through a Glass Darkly: An Evaluation of the Bieber Study on Homosexuality," privately printed, 1966. An early homosexual emancipation statement. In Jonathan Ned Katz Collection, New York Public Library.

Kemph, John P. and Erna Schwerin, "Increased Latent Homosexuality in a Woman During Group Therapy," International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, vol. 16, no. 2 (1966), p. 217-24.


Cautela, Joseph R. "Covert Sensitization," Psychological Reports. Vol. 20, no. 2 (1967): p. 459-68. (P. 464-65·)

Cory, Donald Webster (pseudonym of Edward Sagarin). "Homosexuality," in The Encyclopedia of Sexual Behavior, eds. Albert Ellis and Albert Abarbanel, p. 485-93, 2nd rev. ed. (N.Y.: Hawthorn, 1967).

Doyle, Thomas L. "Homosexuality and Its Treatment," Nursing Outlook, vol. 15, no. 8 (1967), p. 38-40. Includes treatment of lesbians.

Frank, Jerome D. "Treatment of Homosexuals," Working Paper Prepared for the National Institute of Mental Health Task Force on Homosexuality, mimeographed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1967, 13 p.

Golden, Joshua S. "Varieties of Sexual Problems in Obstetrical and Gynecological Practice," in Sexual Problems: Diagnosis and Treatment in Medical Practice, ed. Charles William Wahl (New York: Free Press, 1967), p. 53-61. Lesbian references.

1967, November

Kaye, Harvey E.; Berl, S.; Clare, J.; Eleston, M. R.; Gershwin, B. S.; Gershwin, P.; Kogan, S.; Torda, c.; and Wilbur, C. B. "Homosexuality in Women," Archives of General Psychiatry. Vol. 17 (Nov. 1967): p. 626-34. (P. 626, 632-34.)


Barlow, David H.; Leitenberg, Harold; and Agras, W. Stewart. "Experimental Control of Sexual Deviations through Manipulation of the Noxious Scene in Covert Sensitization," Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Vol. 74, no. 5 (1969): p. 596-601. (P. 598, 601.)


Rutner, Ivan I. "A Double-barrel Approach to Modification of Homosexual Behavior," Psychological Reports. Vol. 26, no. 2 (1970): p. 355-58. (P. 356-58.)

1970, December

Hooker, Evelyn, and others, "Final Report of the National Institute of Mental Health Task Force on Homosexuality," reprinted in SIECUS Newsletter (Dec. 1970).


LoPiccolo, Joseph. "Case Study: Systematic Desensitization of Homosexuality," Behavior Therapy. Vol. 2, no. 3 (July 1971): p. 394-99· (P. 396-98.)

Parker, William. Homosexuality; A Selective Bibliography of Over 3.000 Items (Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1971).
Documents on various treatment forms through 1969 are listed and indexed.


Blair, Ralph. Etiological and Treatment Literature on Homosexuality. Otherwise Monograph Ser., no. 5. National Task Force on Student Personnel Services and Homosexuality, 1972.

Primal therapy, Vegetotherapy, musical analysis, astrology, Scientology, and Aesthetic Realism are documented, pages 36-37. See also "Part II: Treatment," for a documented discussion and summary of the subject.

Weinberg, Martin S. and Alan P. Bell, Homosexuality; An Annotated Bibliography (N.Y.: Harper and Row, 1972).

Bibliography of the medical and psychological literature.

1972, November

Institute for Sex Research. Mimeographed bibliography on "Homosexuality-Aversion and Behavior Therapy" (Nov. 1972). See also May 1974.

1973, April

Bullough, Vern L., and Martha Voght. "Homosexuality and the 'Secret Sin' in Pre-Freudian America," Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, vol. 28, no. 2 (April 1973), p. 143-55.

Surgical measures for masturbation, satyriasis, etc., are cited.

1974, May

Institute for Sex Research. Mimeographed bibliography on "Homosexuality Therapy: Pre-1940" (May 1974)· See also 1972, November.

1974, September 9

Roueche, Berton. "Annals of Medicine; As Empty As Eve," The New Yorker. Sept. 9, 1974: p.84-100.

1974, October 17

Deutsch, Nicholas. Interviewed by Jonathan Katz. N.Y.C., Oct. 17, 1974. Quoted in Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976).


Klaich, Dolores. Woman + Woman; Attitudes Toward Lesbianism. N.Y.: Morrow, 1975, paperback. (P. 100-01.)

1975, July

Silverstein, Charles. [Review of John Bancroft's Deviant Sexual Behavior: Modification and Assessment. London: Oxford University Press, 1974.] Behavior Therapy. Vol. 6, no. 4 (July 1975)·


Berker-Benfield, G. J. The Horrors of the Half-Known Life; Male Attitudes Toward Women and Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century America (N.Y.: Harper & Row, 1976).

Surgical measures for masturbation, satyriasis, etc., are cited; on sexual surgery, p. 82-83, 88-90, 91 iI., 97, 104, 120-32,286-87, 292-93.

1976, Winter

Katz, Jonathan Ned. "Treatment." Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), pages ??-???


Can you help OutHistory.org with this research on additional treatment literature?



Sinclair, Jo (pseud. of )


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