Heterosexual History Timeline, Part 2

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Continued from: Heterosexual History Timeline, Part 1


OPEN ENTRY: This entry is open to collaborative creation by anyone with evidence, citations, and analysis to share, so no particular, named creator is responsible for the accuracy and cogency of its content. Please use this entry's Comment section at the bottom of the page to suggest improvements about which you are unsure. Thanks.


Ford, Clellon S. and Frank A. Beach. Patterns of Sexual Behavior. NY: Harper & Row.

A cross-cultural, anthropogical study of cultural variations in sexual behavior and what is considered normal and abnormal, normative and deviant.

1953: Major Feminist Analysis of Female-Male Relations

Beauvoir, Simone De. The Second Sex. NY: Knopf, 1953. (Original French edition 1949.)

See "heterosexual" in index.)

1953, August 20: Kinsey Report on Women Published

Official publication date of the second Kinsey Report, this one on women, titled Sexual Behavior in the Human Female.[1]

1960, May 9: The Pill Approved

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced it would approve Enovid 10 mg for contraceptive use, which it did on June 23, 1960, by which time Enovid 10 mg had been in general use for three years during which time, by conservative estimate, at least half a million women had used it.[2]


Aries, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. Trans. Robert Baldick. NY: Random Ifouse, 1962.

See on the invention of "adolescence" and "childhood" and the critique summarized by Vann, 19??.


Berger, Peter L. and Thomas Luckman. The Social Construction of Reality. NY: Doubleday, 1966.

A major, founding text of social construction theory.

1966, May 1: first use of phrase "heterosexual women" (plural) in New York TImes

Natalie Jaffe: “heterosexual women”, May 1, 1966. See also: 1971, March 28 and 2010, May 30.


Ackerely, J. R. My Father and Myself. NY: Coward-McCann, 1968.

See Jonathan Ned Katz, The Invention of Heterosexuality" on.


Wyden, Peter and Barbara. Growing Up Straight: What Every Thoughtful Parent Should Know About Homosexuality. NY: Stein and Day.

1968, Fall

McIntosh, Mary. "The Homosexual Role." Social Problems. Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. ??

1969, June/July

Anderson, Marty (pseud. of Martha Shelley). "Is Heterosexuality 'Natural'?" The Ladder (June/July 1969): 4-7; reprinted (and attributed to Shelley) in Barbara Grier and Coletta Reid, eds., The Lavender Herring: Lesbian and Gay Essays from The Ladder. Baltimore: Diana Press, 1976: 55-60.


Altman, Dennis. Homosexual Oppression and Liberation. NY: Outerbridge & Dienstfrey, 1971.

1971, March 28: first use of phrase "heterosexual woman" (singular) in New York Times

Judy Klemesrud: “heterosexual woman”, March 28, 1971 The phrase “heterosexual woman” (singular) first appeared in The New York Times, in the Sunday magazine section, in an article on recent developments in lesbian political organizing titled “The Disciples Of Sappho, Updated.” The naming and specifying of the "heterosexual woman" was one result of the new political organizing and naming of lesbians in the mass media. See also: 1966, May 1 and 2010, May 30.

1972, Summer

Barker-Benfield, G. J. "The Spermatic Economy." Feminist Studies 1 (Summer 1972): 45-74.

1972, June 18

A. D. Coleman: "heterosexual interactions between kids", June 18, 1972 The first reference to "heterosexual interactions between kids" in The New York Times database.

1972, December 10: first use of phrase "heterosexual identity" in New York Times

New York Times: “heterosexual identity”, December 10, 1972

The first use of the phrase “heterosexual identity” appeared in The New York Times in a report about the responses of the all-male cast of an amateur theater company in Yorktown Heights, Westchester County, New York, to putting on a production of The Boys in the Band. See also:


Baldwin, James, and Nikki Giovanni. A Dialogue. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1973.


Gagnon, John, and William Simon. Sexual Conduct: The Social Sources of Human Sexuality. Chicago: Aldine.

Early, important work on social construction of sexuality.


Atkinson, Ti-Grace. Amazon Odyssey. NY: Links Books, 1974.


Rubin, Gayle. "The Traffic in Women: Notes on the 'Political Economy' of Sex." In Rayna Reiter, ed., Toward an Anthropology of Women, NY: Monthly Review Press, 1975, pp. 157-210.

Named and proposed a new way of thinking about the the social organization of biological sex and the social making of feminity and masculinity -- the "sex/gender system." Offered comments on "obligatory heterosexuality," "compulsory heterosexuality." (Katz, Invention of Heterosexuality (1995), p. 132.)


Smith, Sara and Marcus Smith. "To Help along the Line: An Interview with Christopher Isherwood. New Orleans Review Vol. 4, No. 4: pp. 307-10. Reprinted in

Isherwood speaks here of a "heterosexual dictatorship," an important term, like "sex/gender system" (Gayle Rubin, 1975), and a system of "compulsory heterosexuality" (See 1976: Brussels Tribunal and 1980: Rich.)


Barker-Benfield, G. J. The Horrors of the Half-Known Life: Male Attitudes Toward Women and Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century America. NY: Harper and Row, 1976.


Brussels Tribunal on Crimes Against Women. Names "compulsory heterosexuality" as one of the crimes against women.[3]

1977, Autumn

Trumbach, Randolph. "London's Sodomites: Homosexual Behavior and Western Culture in the 18th Century. Journal of Social History, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 1-33. 33 pages). Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3786325

1977-1978, December-January

Katz, Jonathan Ned. Review of Mary Ryan's Womanhood in America in The Body Politic (Toronto), pp. 19, 221. :There Katz says: "The existence of such a particular thing as heterosexual history, along with homosexual history, has not yet been generally recognized, its implications analyzed. Ryan furthers such analysis." Also cited in Katz, "Invention of Heterosexuality," Socialist Review, 1990, p.26-27, n. 40.


Weeks, Jeffrey. Coming Out: Homosexual Politics in Britain from the Nineteenth Century to the Present. London: Quartet Books Ltd.


Thorssen, Marilyn, J. "Varieties of Amourous Experience: 'Homosexual' and 'Heterosexual' Relationships in Marlowe and Shakespeare." Human Sexuality in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, ed. D. Radcliff-Umstead, (Pittsburgh: Univ. of Pittsburgh Publications on the Middle Ages and Renaissance), pp. 135-152.


Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality. Volume 1: An Introduction. Robert Hurley, trans. New York: Pantheon Books/Random House, 1978. First English translation of Histoire de la sexualité, 1: la volonté de savoir, published in France in 1976.

1978, March 31

Katz, Jonathan Ned. "Homosexual History: Its Import and Implications." Keynote address, conference on "Constructing a History of Power and Sexuality," New York University Graduate History Society and NYU Women's Center. Revised as "Why Gay History?" The Body Politic (Toronto), August 1979: 19-20.


Padgug, Robert, "Sexual Matters: On Conceptualizing Sexuality in History", Radical History Review 20. 2-23, reprinted in Martin Bauml Duberman, Martha Vincus and George Chauncey, eds. Hidden From History, New York: NAL, 1989), 54-66

1979, June 9

Roller-Arena: “How Dare You Presume I’m Heterosexual”, June 9, 1979

The identity claim, “I’m Heterosexual”, as in the gay liberation slogan, “How Dare You Presume I’m Heterosexual,” appeared in The New York Times for the first time, worn on a button by Roller-Arena, described as a “a transvestite who is is a regular-on-roller-skates on the Manhattan disc scene”.

1979, Fall

Faderman, Lillian. "Who Hid Lesbian History?" Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studeies, vol. 4, no . 3. [In this essay, on page 74, Faderman coined the term "heterocentric" to condemn a worldview that made homosexuals (especially lesbians) invisible. (Katz, Invention of Heterosexuality, Socialist Review, 1990, p. 27.)]

1979, Fall

Simmons, Christina. "Companionate Marriage and the Lesbian Threat." Frontiers, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 54-59.


Rich, Adrienne. ‘Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence’ Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 5:631-60,

One of the first works talk about heterosexuality as a social system of domination, with men dominating women and heterosexuals dominating homosexuals.


Katz, Jonathan Ned: "By 1981 I had heard a young feminist historian and friend, Lisa Duggan, read a draft of a paper on women, American society in the 1920s, and 'the social enforcement of heterosexuality." A few days later Duggan's phrase set off in my head a flash of illumination. It suddenly came to me, and I even muttered out loud to myself: 'Heterosexuality wasn't only 'enforced,' it was 'invented.'" A few months after that epiphany I read to our small sex-in-history study group the first version of a paper, 'The Invention of Heterosexuality,' exploring the hypothesis that heterosexuality, like homosexuality, is a social-historical construction." Katz adds: "I wanted, I told the group to see how far I could push the idea of a histsorically specific, socially constructed heterosexuality." Katz, Invention of Heterosexuality (1995), p. 11, n. 36, p. 203.


Weeks, Jeffrey. "Sexuality and the Historian," and "The Construction of Homosexuality," in Sex, Politics and Society: The Regulation of Sexuality since 1800 (place of pub? publisher?), pp. 1-18, 96-121.


Feray, Jean-Claude. "Une histoire critique du mot homosexualité." Arcadie, 28, nos. 325-328. P11-21. 115-24, 171-81, 246-58.


Bayer, Ronald. Homosexuality and American Psychiatry: The Politics of Diagnosis. NY: Basic Books, 1981.


Altman, Dennis. The Homosexualization of America, The Americanization of the Homosexual. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1981.

An Australian political scientist comments on heterosexuality and homosexuality becoming alike.


Katz, Jonathan Ned. Katz first began speaking publicly at colleges and universities about "The Invention of Heterosexuality." (Katz, "Invention of Heterosexuality," Socialist Review, January-March, 1990, Note 1, page 30.)

1982, Fall-1983, Winter

Chauncey, George. "From Sexual Inversion to Homosexuality: Medicine and the Changing Conceptualization of Female Deviance," Salmagundi. No. 58-59, pp. ??


Snitow, Ann, Christine Stansell, and Sharon Thompson, eds. Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality. ISBN: 0-85345-610-0 (pbk). 489 pages.

Jonathan Ned Katz review in Village Voice. Citation Data?


D'Emilio, John. Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the Unites States, 1940-1970. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Duggan, Lisa. "The Social Reinforcement of Heterosexuality and Lesbian Resistance in the 1920s," in Class, Race, and Sex: The Dynamics of Control, eds. Amy Swerdlow and Hanah Lesinger (Boston: G. K. Hall), pp. 75-92.


Katz, Jonathan Ned."The Invention of the Homosexual, 1880-1950" and "Lesbian and Gay History--Theory and Practice," Gay/Lesbian Almanac: A New Documentary. New York: Harper & Row, pp. 1-19, 137-74. [Katz says that his work on the social-historical construction of heterosexuality developed out of the above work on homosexual history. (Katz, "Invention of Heterosexuality," Socialist Review, January-March, 1990, Note 1, page 30.)


Rapp, Rayna, and Ellen Ross, "The Twenties Backlash: Compulsory Heterosxuality, the Consumer Family, and the Waning of Feminism," in Class, Race, and Sex: The Dynamics of Control, eds. Amy Swerdlow and Hanah Lesinger (Boston: G. K. Hall), pp.??


Vance, Carole S., ed. Pleasure and Danger: Exploring Female Sexuality.

1984, June 26

Baldwin, James. "'Go the Way Your Blood Beats': An Interview . . . by Richard Goldstein." Village Voice (June 26, 1984): 13-14, 16.


Abelove, Henry. "Freud, Male Homosexuality, and the Americans." Dissent (Winter 1986): 59-69.


Bailey, Beth L. From Front Porch to Back Seat: Courtship in Twentieth-Century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.


D'Emilio, John, and Estelle Freedman, Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America (New York).


Peiss, Kathy, Christina Simmons, Robert A. Padgug, eds. Passion and Power: Sexuality in History. Plae of pub and publisher?

"Sexual Matters: On Conceptualizing Sexuality in History," by Robert A. Padgug, says: "'Homosexual' and 'heterosexual' behavior may be universal; homosexual and heterosexual identity and consciousness are modern realities." (p. 24). This was a formulation adopted earlier by British historian Jeffrey Weeks in ?. It is questioned by Katz in ?


Vance, Carole. "Social Construction Theory: Problems in the History of Sexuality," in Homosexuality, Which Homosexuality? eds. Anja van Kooten Nierek and Theo van der Heer (place of pub, publisher?), pp. 13-34.

1989, November

Abelove, Henry. "Some Speculations on the History of 'Sexual Intercourse' During the 'Long Eighteenth Century' in England." Genders 6 (November 1989): 125-30; reprinted in Andrew Parker and others, eds., Nationalisms and Sexualities. NY: Routledge, 1992: 335-42.


Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Routledge.

Publisher's List of Contents: Preface (1990)
1. Subjects of Sex/Gender/Desire I. 'Women' as the Subject of Feminism II. The Compulsory Order of Sex/Gender/Desire III. Gender: The Circular Ruins of Contemporary Debate IV. Theorizing the Binary, the Unitary and Beyond V. Identity, Sex and the Metaphysics of Substance VI. Language, Power and the Strategies of Displacement
2. Prohibition, Psychoanalysis, and the Production of the Heterosexual Matrix I. Structuralism's Critical Exchange II. Lacan, Riviere, and the Strategies of Masquerade III. Freud and the Melancholia of Gender IV. Gender Complexity and the Limits of Identification V. Reformulating Prohibition as Power
3. Subversive Bodily Acts I. The Body Politics of Julia Kristeva II. Foucault, Herculine, and the Politics of Sexual Discontinuity III. Monique Wittig - Bodily Disintegration and Fictive Sex IV. Bodily Inscriptions, Performative Subversions. Conclusion - From Parody to Politics

1990, January-March

Katz, Jonathan Ned. "The Invention of Heterosexuality." Socialist Review. Vol. 20. No. 1, pages 7-34.

Expanded as a book The Invention of Heterosexuality (seee 1995).

1990, December

Adams, Mary Louise, et aI., eds., "Confronting Heterosexuality." (Issue of) Resources for Feminist Research (Toronto), 19:3/4 (Sept./Dec. 1990).


Warner, Michael. "Introduction: Fear of a Queer Planet". Social Text; 9 (4 [29]): 3-17.

Said to have coined the term "heteronormativity." Research Request:: Can someone check page?}

1991, August 18

Richard A. Shweder: “female heterosexual”, August 18, 1991 A search of The New York Times database shows that the phrase “female heterosexual” first appeared on this date, suggesting the infrequency of such specification. It would be interesting to know when the first use in The Times of the phrase "male heterosexual" occurred.


Weeks, Jeffrey. "Critique: Invented Moralities, Living with Uncertainty." History Workshop Journal (Oxford University Press)

["as Carole Vance haspointed out, by and large heterosexuality has not been subjected to the same vigorous enquiry as homosexuality. Very few people are interested in tracing its social construction."


Battan, Jesse F. "'The Word Made Flesh': Language, Authority, and Sexual Desire in Late Nineteenth-Century America." Journal of the History of Sexuality 3:2 (1992); reprinted in Fout and Tantillo: 101-40.

1993, September 20

Butler, Judith. Bodies That Matter:On the Discursive Limits of "Sex". Routledge.

Publisher's Description: In Bodies That Matter, Judith Butler further develops her distinctive theory of gender by examining the workings of power at the most "material" dimensions of sex and sexuality. Deepening the inquiries she began in Gender Trouble, Butler offers an original reformulation of the materiality of bodies, examining how the power of heterosexual hegemony forms the "matter" of bodies, sex, and gender.
Butler argues that power operates to constrain "sex" from the start, delimiting what counts as a viable sex. She offers a clarification of the notion of "performativity" introduced in Gender Trouble and explores the meaning of a citational politics. The text includes readings of Plato, Irigaray, Lacan, and Freud on the formation of materiality and bodily boundaries; "Paris is Burning," Nella Larsen's "Passing," and short stories by Willa Cather; along with a reconsideration of "performativity" and politics in feminist, queer, and radical democratic theory.


Chauncey, George. Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940. New York: publisher?, 1994.


Duggan, Lisa. "The Discipline Problem: Queer Theory Meets Lesbian and Gay History," in Sex Wars: Sexual Dissent and Political Culture, by Lisa Duggan and Nan D. Hunter (New York, 1995), 194-206.

1994, July

Ingraham, Chrys. "The Heterosexual Imaginary: Feminist Sociology and Theories of Gender." Sociological Theory: full citation?


Bem, Sandra Lipsitz. "Dismantling Gender Polarization and Compulsory Heterosexuality: Should We Turn the Volume Down or Up? The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 32, No. 4 (1995), pp. 329-334. (article consists of 6 pages) Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3813357

Katz, Jonathan Ned. The Invention of Heterosexuality. New York: Dutton.

The first book on heterosexual history dates the first construction of the heterosexual/homosexual organization of sexuality and gender to the mid-19th century, and the full development of that system to the early 20th-century in the U.S. Contrast with 1998: Trumbach.

1995, May 17

Chauncey, George. Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940. NY: Basic Books.


Kinsman, Gary William. The regulation of desire : homo and hetero sexualities, 2nd ed., rev., (Montreal, Que., Canada ; Cheektowaga, N.Y., USA : Black Rose Books, c1996),


Adams, Mary Louise. The Trouble With Normal: Postwar Youth and the Making of Heterosexuality. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Viii plus 224pp. Cloth/paper.

For Mary Louise Adams, in her study of post-war sexual ideology among Canada's youth "the trouble with normal is its taken-for grantedness and its power as a regulatory sexual category." (p. 3) "Normal" in Adams work is the discourse of heterosexualityin the 1950s when the "difference between definitions of normal (heterosexual) and abnormal (homosexual) sexuality operated as a profound space of social marginalization and exclusion." (p. 2)

1997, January 1

Cohen, Cathy J. "Punks, Bulldaggers, and Welfare Queens: The Radical Potential of Queer Politics?" GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 437-465. Reprinted: Black Queer Studies. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson, eds. Duke UP, 2005. 26


Plummer, Ken. "Beyond Texts: Constructionism Revisited." [Critical review of Katz's The Invention of Heterosexuality (1995)], GLQ Vol. 4 No 1, 1998, pp. 109-115. Katz responds on OutHistory.org at: ???


Bland, Lucy, and Laura L. Doan, eds. Sexology in Culture: Labelling Bodies and Desires. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Transformations: Subjects, Categories and Cures in Krafft-Ebing's Sexology / Merl Storr 11.
Feminist Reconfigurations of Heterosexuality in the 1920's / Lesley A. Hall 135

Trumbach, Randolph. Sex and the Gender Revolution: Heterosexuality and the Third Gender in Enlightenment London. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. :Dates the construction of the heterosexual/homosexual sex/gender system to 1700 in London.
Publisher's description (excerpt): A revolution in gender relations occurred in London around 1700, resulting in a sexual system that endured in many aspects until the sexual revolution of the 1960s. For the first time in European history, there emerged three genders: men, women, and a third gender of adult effeminate sodomites, or homosexuals. This third gender had radical consequences for the sexual lives of most men and women since it promoted an opposing ideal of exclusive heterosexuality.
In Sex and the Gender Revolution, Randolph Trumbach reconstructs the worlds of eighteenth-century prostitution, illegitimacy, sexual violence, and adultery. In those worlds the majority of men became heterosexuals by avoiding sodomy and sodomite behavior.
"As men defined themselves more and more as heterosexuals, women generally experienced the new male heterosexuality as its victims. But women—as prostitutes, seduced servants, remarrying widows, and adulterous wives— also pursued passion. The seamy sexual underworld of extramarital behavior was central not only to the sexual lives of men and women, but to the very existence of marriage, the family, domesticity, and romantic love. London emerges as not only a geographical site but as an actor in its own right, mapping out domains where patriarchy, heterosexuality, domesticity, and female resistance take vivid form in our imaginations and senses.


Weeks, Jeffrey. "The 'Homosexual Role' After Thirty Years: An Appreciation." Sexualities 1(2): 131-152. Reprinted in: Kenneth Plummer, ed. Sexualities, vol. 2, see 2001, October 25.


Dubinsky, Karen. The Second Greatest Disappointment: Honeymooning and Tourism at Niagara Falls (New Brunswick).


Haag, Pamela A. Consent: Sexual Rights and the Transformation of American Liberalism Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

“With the publication of this book, no worthwhile discussion of the history of heterosexuality, sexual violence, or consent can occur without drawing on Pamela Haag’s arguments, which recast these topics in new terms. Her juxtapositions of political and sexual ideologies are breathtaking. She also provides a significant challenge to conventional treatments of American liberalism and individualism.” - Martha Minow, Harvard Law School
“This book makes a substantial contribution to perhaps the most important and as yet understudied project among historians of sexuality: the history of heterosexuality. The variety of evidence that Pamela Haag brings to this project-including the records of seduction trials, the works of liberal theorists, and popular fiction-is dazzling.” - Regina Kunzel, Williams College

1999, October 26

Thomas, Calvin, Joseph O. Aimone, and Catherine A. F. MacGiuivray, eds. Straight with a Twist: Queer Theory and the Subject of Heterosexuality. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. HC: ISBN-10: 0252068130. 2000: Paper: ISBN-13: 978-0252068133. 290 pp

Publisher's Description Excerpt: "offers a refreshing look at the relation between queer theory and critical examinations of the construction of heterosexuality. Seeking to proliferate the findings and insights of queer theory, contributors explore the issue of whether and how queer theory can speak for and include the straight.
In some of the ways that men have learned from feminism to interrogate the construction of masculinity, straights are learning from queer theory to interrogate constructions of straightness, to question their place in those constructions, and to make critical interventions into the institutional reproduction of the heterosexual norm. Straight with a Twist responds to the formulations of some of the leading figures in queer theory, considers demonstrations of the queer in television programs ("Seinfeld," for example) and contemporary films, and explores to what extent and in what ways literary texts from Shakespeare to Dorothy Allison are open to queer interpretation."

2001, October 25

Ken Plummer, ed. Sexualities. Four volumes. Volume I: Making a Sociology of Sexualities. Volume II: Some Elements for an Account of the Social Organization of Sexualities. Volume III: Difference and the Diversity of Sexualities. Volume IV: Sexualities and Their Futures. Price: $1,485.00. Binding/Format: Hardback ISBN: 978-0-415-21272-4. Imprint: Routledge. Pages: 1,904 pages. Series: Critical Concepts in Sociology

Publisher's Description
Bringing together classic writings on sexuality from a social science perspective, this fascinating set covers topics including the history of the study of the area, theoretical approaches and issues of gender and sexuality.
Focusing on the evaluations of some of the major traditions of sex research and theory dating back to the nineteenth century, volume one gives an overview of the entire field. Drawn from a broad range of sources, articles include evaluations of some of the founders of the field, survey research, anthropological fieldwork, social psychological experimentation and contemporary ethnology.
Moving on to concentrate upon the main theoretical approaches to sexuality within both sociology and allied traditions, volume two includes references to Marxism, feminism, interactionalism and Freudian, Foucauldian and postmodernist thought, whilst volume three examines the politics, power and critique of sexual categories - including bisexuality, sex addiction, prostitution and sadomasochism.
Finally, volume four considers the wider issues around sexualities - addressing social change, postmodernity and the shifting of sexualities, and presenting an examination of the term 'queer'. An epilogue of suggested further reading is also included.


Halperin, David. How to Do the History of Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Duggan, Lisa. The Twilight of Equality?: Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack On Democracy. Beacon Press.

2004, April 27

Archer, Bert. The End of Gay: And the Death of Heterosexuality. Da Capo Press; First Printing edition (April 27, 2004). ISBN-10: 1560256117. ISBN-13: 978-1560256113


Houlbrook, Matt. Queer London: Perils and Pleasures in the Sexual Metropolis, 1918–1957. (The Chicago Series on Sexuality, History, and Society.) Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Pp. xii, 384.

Review: American Historical Review, June 2006, Vol. 111, No. 3. Excerpt: Reference to books and articles that "also rewrite that taken-for-granted history of heterosexuality."

2005, June

Wickberg, Daniel "Heterosexual White Male: Some Recent Inversions in American Cultural History." Journal of American History, Vol. 92 Issue 1, pp. 136-157, 22p; Historical Period: 1960 to 2004; (AN 19324142)


Brickell, Chris. "Sexology, the Homo/Hetero Binary, and the Complexities of Male Sexual History." Sexualities, Vol. 9, No. 4, 423-447.

2006, Fall

Lapsley, Joseph. "Liberal Heterosexism: Masculinity, Male Heterosexuality, and the 1969 National Institute of Mental Health Task Force Report on Homosexuality." Left History, Vol. 11 Issue 2, pp. 75-95, 21pp; Historical Period: 1969 to 1972; (AN 23887862) Subjects: UNITED States; NATIONAL Institute of Mental Health (U.S.); HOMOSEXUALITY; HETEROSEXISM; DEFINITIONS; MASCULINITY; HOOKER, Evelyn; LIBERALS


Griffin, Penny. “Sexing the Economy in a Neo-liberal World Order: Neo-liberal Discourse and the (Re)Production of Heteronormative Heterosexuality.” British Journal of Politics and International Relations 9.2, 220-238.

2007, April 3

Bach, Rebecca Ann, Shakespeare and Renaissance Literature before Heterosexuality. Hardcover: 256 pages. Palgrave Macmillan; 1st edition (April 3, 2007). ISBN-10: 1403976546. ISBN-13: 978-1403976543 [Hardcover].

Product Description. Shakespeare has been misread for centuries as having modern ideas about sex and gender. This book shows how in the Restoration and Eighteenth century, Shakespeare's plays and other Renaissance texts were adapted to make them conform to these modern ideas. Through readings of Shakespearean texts, including King Lear, Antony and Cleopatra, and Othello, and other Renaissance drama, the book reveals a sexual world before heterosexuality. Shakespeare and Renaissance Literature Before Heterosexuality shows how revisions and criticism of Renaissance drama contributed to the emergence of heterosexuality. It also shows how changing ideas about status, adultery, friendship, and race were factors in that emergence.
Review. "Overall this text is lively and thought-provoking, and is a welcome contribution to the growing body of work on sexual representation and its history."--Comparative Drama
Review. “This provocative and interesting book will draw readers' attention to a wide range of Restoration and eighteenth-century texts with which many will be unfamiliar. The book successfully estranges the Renaissance and helps us to see heterosexual attachments as distrusted, branded as sinful, pursued as criminal. Bach also shows us, in detail, the process by which the Restoration and eighteenth century rewrote the Renaissance. This is a rich, thought-provoking, valuable book.”--Frances E. Dolan, University of California, Davis


Epprecht, Marc. Heterosexual Africa: The History of an Idea from the Age of Exploration to the Age of AIDS. Ohio University Press/Swallow Press. 240 pages • Copublished with the University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, South Africa • Hardcover: 978-0-8214-1798-0 • Electronic (pdf): 978-0-8214-4298-2 • Paperback: 978-0-8214-1799-7

Anthropos, Vol. 105; 2010
Gendered Perspectives on International Development Resource Bulletin, Vol. 25, No. 1; Fall 2009
International Journal of African Historical Studies, Vol. 42, No. 2; 2009
The Gay & Lesbian Review; May-June 2009
Book News Inc.; Feb. 2009

2008, October


Online review accessed April 25, 2010: http://feed.belowthebelt.org/2009/11/invention-of-heterosexual-culture.html

2008, June 30

Clark, Anna. Desire: A History of European Sexuality. ISBN: 978-0-415-77518-2. Routledge. 286 pages.

Publisher's Description (excerpt): "Desire integrates the history of heterosexuality with same-sex desire, and focuses on the emotions of love as well as the passions of lust, the politics of sex as well as the personal experiences."


Canaday, Margot. The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Cloth | 2009 | ISBN: 9780691135984. Paper | 2011 | ISBN: 9780691149936 See: Margot Canaday: "The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America", July 6, 2009

2009, December

Epprecht, Marc. "Sexuality, Africa, History." The American Historical Review. Vol. 114, No. 5: pp. 1258-1272. (See also 2008: Epprecht.)

2010, April

Stocton, Will. "How to do the History of Heterosexuality: Shakespeare and Lacan." Literature Compass. Ball State University. Wiley/Blackwell Publishing.

Abstract Excerpt: "This essay argues against two presumptions: first, that the psychoanalytic approach to sexuality is ahistorical; and second, that critics cannot speak of heterosexuality before its 19th-century invention. Looking to Lacanian psychoanalysis, and particularly to Lacan's theory of sexuation (or sexual difference), this essay develops a queer history of heterosexuality premised on the idea that 'heterosexuality' is simply the latest way of describing a structural relation between the sexes."

2010, May-June

Ghaziani, Amin. "The Reinvention of Heterosexuality." The Gay and Lesbian Review Worldwide. Vol. 17, Issue 3, pages ??- ??

2010, May 1

Katz, Jonathan Ned. "Queer Studies, Queer Politics, Heterosexual History?" Talk, New School Graduate Students' Conference, New York City, May 1, 2010.

Asks why there is not much more work explicitly on heterosexual history.

2010, May 30: First use in New York Times of phrase "female heterosexuality"

Kathryn Harrison: “female heterosexuality”, May 30, 2010

The first (!) (and the only!) use of the phrase “female heterosexuality” in The New York Times, in its Book Review, in a review by Kathryn Harrison of Emma Donoghue’s Inseparable: Desire Between Women in Literature. The recovery of lesbian history led to a historic first in female heterosexual history. (See also: 1966, May 1, and 1971, March 28.)

2012, January 31

Hanne Blank: Straight: The Surprisingly Short History of Heterosexuality, January 31, 2012

2012, February 17

Hanne Blank. "Uncovering The History of Heterosexuality." HuffingtonPost.com Posted: 02/17/2012 6:03 am

2012, April 23

Keith Bowers. "Interview. Before 1868 Gay People Didn't Exist -- Nor Did Straight People; Hanne Blank Explains". San Francisco Weekly Blogs, Apr. 23 2012 at 10:30 AM. Accessed April 23, 2012.

See: Heterosexual History Timeline, Part 1

See: Heterosexual History Bibliography

See: Heterosexual History Search Terms


  1. Adrian Bingham, Family newspapers?: Sex, Private Life, and the British Popular Press 1918-1978 (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009), page 111.
  2. (Accessed May 3, 2010 from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combined_oral_contraceptive_pill#United_States)
  3. Katz, "Invention of Heterosexuality," Socialist Review, 1990, p. 26, n. 39.