Difference between revisions of "Carpenter's "Intermediate Types Among Primitive Folk", 1911"

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Edward Carpenter and John Addington Symonds were the two pioneering figures in the early English homosexual emancipation movement. Citing the research on homosexuality among "primitive" peoples published in Germany in Magnus Hirschfeld's Jahrbuch fur sexuelle Zwischenstufen (Yearbook for sexual intermediate types) especially the anthropological work of Ferdinand Karsch-Haack, as well as the English-language compilations of documents by Westermarck and Boncroft, Carpenter was himself among the first to take up the discussion of Native homosexuality as part of his campaign to demonstrate the contributions, functions, and high status of male and female homosexuals in various "primitive" societies.  
 
Edward Carpenter and John Addington Symonds were the two pioneering figures in the early English homosexual emancipation movement. Citing the research on homosexuality among "primitive" peoples published in Germany in Magnus Hirschfeld's Jahrbuch fur sexuelle Zwischenstufen (Yearbook for sexual intermediate types) especially the anthropological work of Ferdinand Karsch-Haack, as well as the English-language compilations of documents by Westermarck and Boncroft, Carpenter was himself among the first to take up the discussion of Native homosexuality as part of his campaign to demonstrate the contributions, functions, and high status of male and female homosexuals in various "primitive" societies.  
  
In July 1911, Professor G. Stanley Hall's American Journal of Religious Psychology and Education published Carpenter's essay on homosexuality among Native peoples, later reprinted as four chapters on "The Intermediate Sex in the
 
Service of Religion" in Carpenter's book Intermediate Types Among Primitive Folk: A Study in Social Evolution (l914).<ref>Edward Carpenter, Intermediate Types among Primitive Folk: A Study in Social Evolution, and ed. (London: Allen and Unwin, 1919; photo reprint, N.Y.: Arno, 1975).</ref>
 
  
Carpenter's sources on male homosexuality among the Native peoples of what is now the United States include Catlin, Lafitau, W. A. Hammond, Maximilian, John T. Irving, W. H. Keating, Charlevoix, ond A. B. Holder.
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In July 1911, Professor G. Stanley Hall's American Journal of Religious Psychology and Education published Carpenter's essay on homosexuality among Native peoples, later reprinted as four chapters on "The Intermediate Sex in the Service of Religion" in Carpenter's book ''Intermediate Types Among Primitive Folk: A Study in Social Evolution'' (1914).<ref>Edward Carpenter, Intermediate Types among Primitive Folk: A Study in Social Evolution, and ed. (London: Allen and Unwin, 1919; photo reprint, N.Y.: Arno, 1975).</ref>
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Carpenter's sources on male homosexuality among the Native peoples of what is now the United States include Catlin, Lafitau, W. A. Hammond, Maximilian, John T. Irving, W. H. Keating, Charlevoix, and A. B. Holder.
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== References ==
 
== References ==
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[[Category:Native American]]
 
[[Category:Native American]]
[[Category:Edward Carpenter]]
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[[Category:Carpenter, Edward (1844-1929)]]
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[[Category:20th century]]
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[[Category:1910-1919]]
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[[Category:Homosexual]]

Latest revision as of 16:06, 12 May 2008

Edward Carpenter and John Addington Symonds were the two pioneering figures in the early English homosexual emancipation movement. Citing the research on homosexuality among "primitive" peoples published in Germany in Magnus Hirschfeld's Jahrbuch fur sexuelle Zwischenstufen (Yearbook for sexual intermediate types) especially the anthropological work of Ferdinand Karsch-Haack, as well as the English-language compilations of documents by Westermarck and Boncroft, Carpenter was himself among the first to take up the discussion of Native homosexuality as part of his campaign to demonstrate the contributions, functions, and high status of male and female homosexuals in various "primitive" societies.


In July 1911, Professor G. Stanley Hall's American Journal of Religious Psychology and Education published Carpenter's essay on homosexuality among Native peoples, later reprinted as four chapters on "The Intermediate Sex in the Service of Religion" in Carpenter's book Intermediate Types Among Primitive Folk: A Study in Social Evolution (1914).[1]


Carpenter's sources on male homosexuality among the Native peoples of what is now the United States include Catlin, Lafitau, W. A. Hammond, Maximilian, John T. Irving, W. H. Keating, Charlevoix, and A. B. Holder.


References

Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976) pg. 320-321.

  1. Edward Carpenter, Intermediate Types among Primitive Folk: A Study in Social Evolution, and ed. (London: Allen and Unwin, 1919; photo reprint, N.Y.: Arno, 1975).