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Timeline

  1. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  2. Kevin J Mumford. "Homosex Changes: Race, Cultural Geography, and the Emergence of the Gay" American Quarterly 48, no. 3 (1996) 395-414. Read full article here.

  3. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 89.

  4. Kevin J Mumford. "Homosex Changes: Race, Cultural Geography, and the Emergence of the Gay" American Quarterly 48, no. 3 (1996) 395-414. Read full article here.

  5. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 103.

  6. More on OutHistory

  7. Hicks, Cheryl D. "“Bright and Good Looking Colored Girl”: Black Women’s Sexuality and “Harmful Intimacy” in Early-Twentieth-Century New York." Journal of the History of Sexuality 18.3 (2009), 439

  8. Roderick A. Ferguson, “Race-ing Homonormativity,” in Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005), 57

  9. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  10. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  11. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  12. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  13. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  14. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  15. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  16. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  17. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  18. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  19. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  20. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  21. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  22. Dwight A. McBride, “Straight Black Studies,” in Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005), 77

  23. Tim Retzloff, “‘Seer or Queer?’: Postwar Fascination with Detroit’s Prophet Jones,” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 8.3 (2002), 271-296.

  24. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  25. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  26. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  27. Marlon B. Ross, “Beyond the Closet as Raceless Paradigm,” in Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005), 181.

  28. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  29. ???

  30. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  31. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  32. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  33. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  34. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  35. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003). (Also on OutHistory?)

  36. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003). (Also on OutHistory?)

  37. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  38. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  39. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  40. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  41. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  42. Cathy J. Cohen, “Punks, Bulldaggers, and Welfare Queens,” in Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005), 27.

  43. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  44. ???

  45. Cathy J. Cohen, “Punks, Bulldaggers, and Welfare Queens,” in Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005), 27.

  46. ???

  47. James M. Stephens Jr, “Two Women Plan to be Married; File Suit; Make it a Federal Case,” Jet, November 1971, 20-25. Read article here.

  48. Harris, Laura Alexandra. "Queer Black Feminism: The Pleasure Principle." Feminist Review 54 (1996): 3-30.

  49. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  50. Ronald E. Kisner, “Pryor Adds Fireworks To Star Spangled ‘Gay Night,’” Jet, October 1977, 54-56. Read article here.

  51. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 22.

  52. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 22.

  53. More on OutHistory??

  54. ??????

  55. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 25.

  56. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003). /Also on OutHistory?

  57. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 22.

  58. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  59. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 27.

  60. John D'Emilio, Lost Prophet: The Life and times of Bayard Rustin (New York: Free Press, 2003).

  61. More on OutHistory??

  62. Phillip Brian Harper, Are We Not Men?, (Oxford University Press 1996), 12 ]

  63. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 31.

  64. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 117.

  65. Cathy J. Cohen, “Punks, Bulldaggers, and Welfare Queens,” in Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005), 27.

  66. Simon Dickel, Black/Gay: The Harlem Renaissance, the Protest Era, and the Constructions of Black Gay Identity in the 1980s and '90s (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2012), 33.

  67. Phillip Brian Harper, Are We Not Men?, (Oxford University Press 1996), 190

  68. E. Patrick Johnson, “‘Quare’ Studies,” in Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005), 141.

  69. Are we men, pg 190)

  70. Kara Keeling, “Joining the Lesbians, ” in Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005), 219.

  71. More on OutHistory

  72. Rinaldo Walcott, “Outside in Black Studies,”  in Black Queer Studies: A Critical Anthology, ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Mae G. Henderson. (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005), 101.

  73. Matt Richardson, “Reinventing the Black Southern Community in Sharon Bridgforth's The love conjure/blues Text Installation:, “Blacktino Queer Performance” ed. E. Patrick Johnson and Ramon H. Rivera Servera (Duke University Press, 2016), 62

  74. Scotty R. Ballard, “Why AIDS Is Rising Among Black Women,” Jet, July 2001, 32-35. Read full article here.

  75. “Most Gay Men With HIV Unaware They Have the Virus, Study Finds” Jet, August 2002, 46.  Read full article here

  76. More on OutHistory

  77. “Is Gay Rights a Civil Rights Issue,” Ebony, July 2004, 142-146. Read full article here.

  78. Cathcart, Rebecca. "Boy’s Killing, Labeled a Hate Crime, Stuns a Town." The New York Times. The New York Times, 22 Feb. 2008. Web. 30 Aug. 2016.

  79. Logo TV

Our aim is to create a thorough representation of queer history that pays attention to the many conversations about what sexuality has meant in various communities across time. These timelines are a work in progress:  If you would like to contribute to this project as a teacher, a student, or on your own, please fill out this form that requests additional references, including pictures, with as full citations as possible.  Any additional questions please email us at outhistory@gmail.com and put “Timeline” in the subject line.