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Timeline (Under Construction)

[1]  "Eros," Es Geht Um Liebe: Schwule in Der Schweiz Und Ihre Geschichte, accessed April 7, 2016, http://schwulengeschichte.ch/epochen/2-weg-zur-selbstbestimmung/vorkaempfer-und-op fer/heinrich-hoessli/eros/. 

[2] ibid. 

[3] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 338
.

[4] ibid. pages 337-338.

[5] More on OutHistory.

[6] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 338
-339.

[7] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 45.

[8] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 77, 81, 82. Original documents: Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, The Riddle of "Man-Manly" Love, trans. Michael A. Lombardi-Nash (Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1994), 29, 49, 97.

[9] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 77, 82. Original documents: Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, The Riddle of "Man-Manly" Love, trans. Michael A. Lombardi-Nash (Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1994), 127, 181.

[10] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 90

[11] Robert Beachy, “The German Invention of Homosexuality,” The Journal of Modern History 82 (2010): 816.

[12] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 92.

[13] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 77, 84. Original documents: Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, The Riddle of "Man-Manly" Love, trans. Michael A. Lombardi-Nash (Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1994), 258, 289.

[14] Judit Takacs, “The Double Life of Kertbeny” accessed March 16, 2016 from http://www.policy.hu/takacs/pdf-lib/TheDoubleLifeOfKertbeny.pdf, 30.

[15] ibid. page 29.

[16] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 77, 165, 166.Original source: Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, The Riddle of "Man-Manly" Love, trans. Michael A. Lombardi-Nash (Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1994), 435, 473.

[17] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 143.

[18] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 77, 206, 213. Original source: Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, The Riddle of "Man-Manly" Love, trans. Michael A. Lombardi-Nash (Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1994), 541, 601.

[19] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 359.

[20] ibid. page 360.

[21] Hubert Kennedy, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs: Pioneer of the Modern Gay Movement, (Concord: Peremptory Publications, 2005), 77, 231. Original source: Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, The Riddle of "Man-Manly" Love, trans. Michael A. Lombardi-Nash (Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1994), 625.

[22] Nikolai Endres, "Károly Mária Kertbeny (1824-1882)," GLBTQ Archives, http://www.glbtqarchive.com/ssh/kertbeny_km_S.pdf.

[23] Sean Brady, John Addington Symonds (1840-1893) and Homosexuality: A Critical Edition of Sources (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian, 2012), 2. Read it here.

[24] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 361.

[25] R. von. Krafft-Ebing, Psychopathia sexualis, eine klinisch-forensische Studie (Stuttgart: Enke, 1886)

[26] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), pages 361-362.

[27] Harry Oosterhuis, “Sexual Modernity in the Works of Richard von Krafft-Ebing and Albert Moll,” Medical History 56 (2012): 136.

[28] Sean Brady, John Addington Symonds (1840-1893) and Homosexuality: A Critical Edition of Sources (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian, 2012), 2. Read it here.

[29] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 357.

[30] ibid. pages 357-358.

[31] Heike Bauer, English Literary Sexology: Translations of Inversion, 1860-1930 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian, 2009), 35, 186. Read it here.

[32] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 358.

[33] ibid. page 358.

[34] Heike Bauer, English Literary Sexology: Translations of Inversion, 1860-1930 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian, 2009), 182.

[35] More on OutHistory

[36] Heike Bauer, English Literary Sexology: Translations of Inversion, 1860-1930 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian, 2009), 183.

[37] Byrne R. S. Fone, The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature: Readings from Western Antiquity to the Present Day (New York: Columbia University Press, 1998), 440.

[38] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), pages 363-364.

[39] ibid. page 374.

[40] ibid. page 374.

[41]  ibid. pages 374-376.

[42] Elena Mancini, Magnus Hirschfeld and the Quest for Sexual Freedom: A History of the First International Sexual Freedom Movement (New York: Palgrave Macmillian, 2010), 66.

[43] “Magnus Hirschfeld,” Magnus Hirschfeld National Foundation, http://mh-stiftung.de/en/biographies/magnus-hirschfeld/.

[44] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 376.

[45] ibid. page 374.

[46] “Guide to the German Gay Liberation Material”, Collection Number 7663, from Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections at Cornell University Library accessed March 16, 2016 from http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/EAD/htmldocs/RMM07663.html.

[47] More on OutHistory

[48] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 381.

[49] ibid. pages 381-382.

[50] ibid. pages 382-383.

[51] Edward Carpenter, The intermediate sex a study of some transitional types of men and women by Edward Carpenter, (London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1908). Read it here.

[52] James Wilper, “Translation and the Construction of a ‘Uranian’ Identity: Edward Prime-Stevenson’s [Xavier Mayne’s] The Intersexes (1908),” in Sexology and Translation: Cultural and Scientific Encounters across the Modern World, ed. Heike Bauer, 216. Read it here.

[53] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 364.

[54] ibid. page 364.

[55] ibid. page 383.

[56] ibid. pages 376-377.

[57] ibid. page 364.

[58]  Ralph Werther, Autobiography of an Androgyne, ed. Scott Herring (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2008)

[59] American Journal of Urology and Sexology (October 1918) v. 14, n. 10: 433-37. Read here.

[60]  American Journal of Urology and Sexology , v. 14, n. 11 (November 1918): 495-99. Readh here.

[61] Neil Miller, Out of the Past: Gay and Lesbian History from 1869 to the Present (New York: Vintage Books, 1995), 125.

[62] American Journal of Urology and Sexology, v. 15, n. 3 (March 1919): 97-101. Read here.

[63] American Journal of Urology and Sexology, v. 15, n. 4 (April 1919): 160-65.

[64] Neil Miller, Out of the Past: Gay and Lesbian History from 1869 to the Present (New York: Vintage Books, 1995), 132. Watch it here.

[65] American Journal of Urology and Sexology, v. 15, n. 3 (June 1919): 241-45. Read here.

[66] American Journal of Urology and Sexology , v. 14, n. 7 (July 1919): 313-16. Letter in response to article by Dr. James Weir on effemination in the April issue of this journal. Read here

[67] Medical Life, v. 27, n. 12 (December 1920), pp. 235-246. Edited by Victor Robinson. Read here  

[68] More on OutHistory

[69] Medical Review of Reviews, v. 27, n. 11 (November 1921): 539-42. Read here. 

[70] NY: Medico-Legal Journal, 1922. Photographic reprint: NY: Arno Press, 1975. Find here.

[71] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 364.

[72] ibid. pages 383-385.

[73] Magnus Hirschfeld National Foundation accessed March 16, 2016 from http://mh-stiftung.de/en/biographies/magnus-hirschfeld/.

[74] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), pages 377-378.

[75] ibid. pages 385-388. Special thanks to Jim Kepner for the information which led to the discovery of this document.

[76] ibid. page 364.

[77] St. Sukie de la Croix, Chicago Whispers: A History of LGBT Chicago before Stonewall (Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2012), 81-82.

[78] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), pages 383-385.

[79] ibid. page 397.

[80] [Henry Gerber] Parisex, pseud., "In Defense of Homosexuality," The Modern Thinker, June 1932, p. 286-97; Photo reprint in A Homosexual Emancipation Miscellany; c. 1835-1952 (N.Y.: Arno, 1975). Gerber's authorship of this "Defense" is identified in a letter to Manuel Boyfrank on January 4, 1945, now in the collection of Jim Kepner at the GLBT Historical Society

[81] Henry Gerber, "Hitlerism and Homosexuality," Chanticleer, vol. 1, no. 9 (Sept. 1934). P. 1-2. Discussed and partially reprinted in Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History (NY: T. Y. Crowell, 1976)

[82] Henry Gerber, "More Nonsense about Homosexuals," Chanticleer, vol. 1, no.12 (Dec. 1934), p. 2-3. Discussed and reprinted in Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History (NY: T. Y. Crowell, 1976)

[83] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), pages 405-406.  

[84] More on OutHistory

[85] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 408.

[86] ibid. page 409.

[87] ibid. page 409.

[88] Amy L. Stone, "Crowning King Anchovy: Cold War Gay Visibility in San Antonio’s Urban Festival," Journal of the History of Sexuality 25 (2016): 297-322.

[89] Joanne Meyerowitz, How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002), page 179

[90] [Henry Gerber], “Letter signed G.S., Washington, D.C.,” ONE Magazine (Los Angeles), vol.1. no. 7 (July 1953), p. 22. Cited in Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History (NY: T.Y. Crowell, 1976)

[91] More on OutHistory

[92] Jonathan Ned Katz, Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. (NY: Crowell, 1976), page 425.

[93] More on OutHistory

[94] Whitney Strub, "The Homophile Is a Sexual Being: Wallace de Ortega Maxey's Pulp Theology and Gay Activism," Journal of the History of Sexuality 25 (2016): 323-353

[95]  Henry Gerber, "The Society for Human Rights--1925," ONE Magazine, vol. 10, no. 9 (Sept. 1962): 5-10.

[96] More on OutHistory

[97] More on OutHistory

[98] Joanne Meyerowitz, How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002), page 229

[99]  Glenn Blain, "West Village’s Julius’ Bar, a gay rights movement landmark, named historic site," NY Daily News (March 23, 2016). 

[100] More on OutHistory

[101] Joanne Meyerowitz, How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002), page 230

[102] ibid. page 235.

[103] More on OutHistory

[104] Steven V. Roberts, “Homosexuals in Revolt; Nation's Homosexuals Show Militancy in Revolt Against Alleged Persecution.” New York Times, August 24, 1970. Read it here.

[105] Joanne Meyerowitz, How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002), page 238

[106] More on OutHistory.org

[107] The State Museum of Pennsylvania, accessed April 18, 2016 from http://statemuseumpa.org/pennsylvania-historical-and-museum-commission-hosts-program-pennsylvanias-pioneering-role-lgbt-rights/

[108] More on OutHistory

[109] More on OutHistory

[110] More on OutHistory

 

Our aim is to create a thorough representation of queer history that pays attention to the many conversations about what sexuality has meant in various communities across time. These timelines are a work in progress:  If you would like to contribute to this project as a teacher, a student, or on your own, please fill out this form that requests additional references, including pictures, with as full citations as possible.  Any additional questions please email us at outhistory@gmail.com and put “Timeline” in the subject line.